Cabrières

 

Cabrières, which is situated at the foot of the Pic du Vissou (over 1500 ft) is a remarkable geological site renowned for the complexity of its landscape between the oriental end of the Black Mountain and the fault of the Cevennes.

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The village is also famous for its fossils (Trilobites, Orthoceras, Goniatites) and for a particularly ancient mining tradition.

As a matter of fact, Cabrières has one of the oldest copper mines in France and is one of the oldest prehistoric workshops that ever existed, for the treatment of copper ore in Europe.

At the end of Antiquity, a grouping of humans on the rocky relief of the Cisterne Mountain, to be found on the ancient site of the Fortress of Cabrières, was mentioned in “The History of the Franks” by Bishop Gregory of Tours in the 16th century. From the 9th and 10th centuries onward, the locality was apparently the “capital” of a little country (called ‘pagus’) in the county of Béziers: “the Cabriérés”. A powerful lineage of seigneurs took root there until the beginning of the 13th century, while at the foot of the chateau on the steep southern slopes a new village started to develop.

After the Albigensian Crusade the considerably weakened Cabrières family emigrated and the King of France installed a garrison in the ancient re-built chateau.

At each moment of tension, the place became a political and military issue in the region. Desired, usurped and besieged repeatedly during the Hundred Years’ War, then again during the Religious Wars, the fortress was finally dismantled and razed in 1585. In such a context the village, which had been built at the foot of the chateau, became depopulated and in spite of a last surge at the beginning of the 16th century, it was finally abandoned. The population thus left this old locality and ordinary life reorganized itself close to the Boyne, on the site of where the actual village stands.

Cabrières has an intermittent source called the Estabel which runs very exceptionally about every 20 years. It can reach a flow of 1m3/s in a few days and its temperature can rise up to 24°C. The last time the source ran was in 1997.

The Tibéret mill at Cabrières

The Tibéret mill at Cabrières which belonged to the Order of the Templars remained unknown, as it had been inaccurately mapped out. It had a church and a priory with a few buildings, where the water from a source fed into a great pool. From this height, right to the bottom of the slope, there are three mills on different levels that are successively channelled into by the upper pool.

The hamlet of the Crozes

Not far from the village, the charming little hamlet of the Crozes nestles in the heart of the oak forests with its Roman chapel and it unusual houses. Let yourself be charmed by this hidden paradise.

To see

  • Church of Saint Etienne
  • The griffe
  • Church of Saint Martin des Croze
  • Ruins of Tibéret
  • Wine cooperative
  • Pioch Farrus Mine (temporarily closed)
  • The trail of the Vissou ridges

Cabrières is well-known for its AOC wines and its cellar where a museographic space is dedicated to geology and wine growing. The town has plenty of accommodation to offer, Bed & Breakfast or seasonal lets, thus allowing you to stay in the village and discover its surroundings (hiking, sight-seeing etc.).

Site of the Town Hall : http://www.cabrieres.fr/

Attached files

Download booklet: Cabrières

Document PDF - 4.5 Mb - Updated on 23 June 2012

The Estabel’s ephemeral spring

Document PDF - 3.7 Mb - Updated on 29 October 2013

Pictures

La Boyne at Cabrières - JPEG - 159.2 kb
La Boyne at Cabrières

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Ancient road and medieval porch - JPEG - 90 kb
Ancient road and medieval porch

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The wine cellar of Cabrières - JPEG - 115.8 kb
The wine cellar of Cabrières

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The church of Cabrières - JPEG - 88.3 kb
The church of Cabrières

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Old road of the Crozes hamlet - JPEG - 172.8 kb
Old road of the Crozes hamlet

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The ancient « banal » oven of the Crozes - JPEG - 104.8 kb
The ancient « banal » oven of the Crozes

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The church of the Crozes near Cabrières - JPEG - 129.2 kb
The church of the Crozes near Cabrières

Crédit KELOUS

The site of Tiberet near Cabrières - JPEG - 111.1 kb
The site of Tiberet near Cabrières

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Tiberet, near Cabrières - JPEG - 135.5 kb
Tiberet, near Cabrières

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Tiberet, near Cabrières - JPEG - 179.2 kb
Tiberet, near Cabrières

Crédit CC Clermontais

 
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