HomeVisiting and discoveringTowns and villagesClermont l’Hérault, the old sheet-making town

Clermont l’Hérault, the old sheet-making town

 

The Ramasse hill in the Clermontais is known to have been inhabited by humans dating from the proto historic time of the 6th to the 3rd centuries.

DéplierLocalization

 Clermont l
Clermont l’Hérault seen from the massif of the Ramasse
Crédit OT du Clermontais

Between the end of the 2nd century BC and the middle of the 2nd century AD, there is evidence of an important antique urban presence called Peyre Plantade (thermal baths, central square, etc.), all along a roman road linking Millau to the sea (Agde).

Just over half a mile from Peyre Plantade, during the first century of our era, a wine domain was built on the site of the Estagno. Up until the 11th century, only a scattered settlement was found (according to what we know today).

The actual town of Clermont (« Claromontem » : height directed towards the rising sun), dates from the 11th and 12th centuries.

It had:

  • an imposing feudal chateau belonging to the Guilhems (which was a first vassal for the Guilhem family of Montpellier), then for the bishops of Lodève;
  • an urban area established at the foot of the chateau and protected by a fortified surrounding wall. An area which became extended in the 13th century as it was an important market town mentioned right back in the 12th century privileged by the geographic situation of the town.

The construction of the church of St Paul took place from the 13th to the 14th centuries outside of the fortified walls of the town. The development of suburbs on the banks of the Rhonel and the construction of the convent of the Dominicans (now called “Espace des Pénitents”) started in the 14th century. At this time, the tannery and wool manufacturing were the main activities in Clermont, after agriculture. The launching of the Royal Manufactory of Villeneuvette in 1677 would ensure prosperity for the sheet merchants in the Clermontais. In the 19th century, the growth of the population required an extension of the town, which was made towards the east (Renée Gosse, Allées Salengro). The textile industry was in decline and left its place to wine growing.

The building of the railway station encouraged trading in wine and table grapes. In the 20th century, the town experienced a new lease of life, an increase in commercial activity and a tourist boom. All made possible by the creation in 1968 of the lake Salagou.

To see

  • Old ramparts and ditches
  • Hotel Lauzière de Thémine
  • Hotel Martin
  • Rougas square and doorway
  • The town’s fountain
  • House of Baille
  • Church of Notre Dame de Gorjan
  • The Naou doorway
  • The Guilhem family and their chateau
  • Square for Radicals
  • House of Bozène and Palissa
  • Doorway to the rue Bozène
  • Church of Saint Paul (north facing)
  • Church of Saint Paul (west facing)
  • Old Dominican Church

Clermont l’Hérault, which is the biggest municipality in the Clermontais, has lots of accommodation and restaurants. The market on Wednesday morning, where you can find all you need, attracts many people! The oil-making cooperative and the honey-making house of the Salagou will allow you to discover the many local products of the area.

Site of the Town Hall : www.clermont-herault.fr

PDF - 2.3 Mb
Download booklet: Clermont l’Hérault

Pictures

The chateau of the Guilhem family in Clermont - JPEG - 164 kb
The chateau of the Guilhem family in Clermont

Crédit OT du Clermontais

Clermont l'Hérault seen from the massif of the Ramasse - JPEG - 161.8 kb
Clermont l’Hérault seen from the massif of the Ramasse

Crédit OT du Clermontais

The Church of Saint Paul - JPEG - 134.5 kb
The Church of Saint Paul

Crédit OT du Clermontais

Town house of the Bozène family, Clermont l'Hérault - JPEG - 135.5 kb
Town house of the Bozène family, Clermont l’Hérault

Crédit OT du Clermontais

Old cloth-making factory, rue Frégère, Clermont l'Hérault - JPEG - 216.9 kb
Old cloth-making factory, rue Frégère, Clermont l’Hérault

Crédit OT du Clermontais

Gothic rosette and organ of the Church of Saint Paul - JPEG - 113.7 kb
Gothic rosette and organ of the Church of Saint Paul

Crédit OT du Clermontais

The tower of Basolhe, the ramparts' remains, Clermont l'Hérault - JPEG - 191.2 kb
The tower of Basolhe, the ramparts’ remains, Clermont l’Hérault

Crédit OT du Clermontais

 
 Top of the page

Outils